The Differences Between Treatment Options
Not every addict can be treated the same. Multiple treatment options are available depending on your child’s addiction. For addiction to hard drugs, such as cocaine or heroin, it’s best to consider one of many treatment options based on your therapist’s advice. But with so many options available, it can be hard to choose which one is right for you and your loved one. Here’s what you need to know:
Medical Detox Facility
In this facility, patients are monitored at all hours of the day and night by trained staff members to first get the drugs and alcohol out of their system and then medically stabilize them. This process can take anywhere from three to seven days, depending on the severity of the chemical dependency.
Residential Treatment Center
Commonly referred to as in-patient rehab, RTC programs start at a minimum of 28 days and can last up to 90 days, depending on the client and the severity of the case. Rehab is not only for detoxification, but also for establishing support groups. Patients can meet other patients who are becoming clean and participate in intensive programs designed to help patients figure out what to do when they are sober and leave the facility. Patients will also receive individual therapy, psychiatric sessions, group therapy, family therapy, life skills sessions and psychoeducation on a daily and weekly basis.
Partial Hospitalization Program
Also called a PHP, most patients complete an RTC and then go to PHP level of care. These therapeutic programs tend to be at least 20 hours a week and can include individual therapy, group therapy, psychiatric consultations and life skills training classes. Highly therapeutic, PHPs intend to help the patient resolve the reasons he or she uses substances and helps them work through it in a supportive environment. A PHP can last up to three months depending on the needs of the client.
Intensive Outpatient Program
These programs are at least ten hours a week with the same programming as a PHP, but usually allow the patient more time away from the program to get back to living at home, attending school, working if they have a job, and practicing the life skills they are hopefully learning from the program. IOPs still have a stringent set of rules and expect that the patient will not be late or miss a single appointment. At some facilities, their ability to complete the program depends on the patient’s attendance. An IOP can last for three months or longer depending on the needs of the client.
Sober Living Option
Also known as a group home, this facility is run by a sober house manager. The sober living houses have strict house rules and administer regular drug tests, but do not offer therapeutic programming other than regular house meetings and possibly a few mandatory 12-step meetings. The primary reason for the lack of therapy is that it is expected that the patient will continue therapy and psychiatric consultation on their own time outside of the sober living house or they’re engaged in PHP or IOP already and want to live in a sober environment. Sober living houses allow the patient to reintegrate into his or her previous life before detoxification, while being surrounded and supported by others who are facing the same struggle. Sober living can last anywhere from three months to 12 months depending on the facility and the needs of the client.
To learn more about treatment options available for your loved one, consider my new book Chronic Hope: Parenting the Addicted Child available on Amazon.